Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation
This technique is used to lengthen muscles and increase range of motion immediately.
PNF is a set of stretching techniques commonly used in clinical
environments to enhance both active and passive range of motion with the
ultimate goal being to optimize motor performance and rehabilitation.
This technique is the the optimal
stretching method when the aim is to increase range of motion,
especially in short-term changes.
Generally an active PNF stretch
involves a shortening contraction of the opposing muscle to place the
target muscle on stretch. This is followed by an isometric contraction
of the target muscle.
PNF can be used to supplement daily stretching and
is employed to make quick gains in range of motion to help athletes
Aside from being safe and time efficient, the dramatic gains in range
of motion seen in a short period of time may also promote compliance
with the exercise and rehabilitation program.